PRINTER AND PUBLISHER
The Care of Linotype Metal
No imore important factor elters into the success-
ful operation of a linotype than the questioln of
rletal. Whern I say "successful operation" I mean
not the mere making of the sltg, but the tiurning
out of a product which will in every way give as
good resulta s conposition set up with new fouindry
When a n?laiufacturer offers to sell his linotype
metal for less thaen the cost of new ingredients, he is
either cuttiing out the till fronl the nitixture or else
the quality of the work ttrned out with such mtetal
is not what it should be, and in most instances the
machiie gets the blame, whien the whole trouble is
dule to the inrferior and uiieveri quality of the
Tin is bv far the most expensive in?gredient
which enters iinto the coalposition of linotype metal,
its cost beirng about 40 cents per pound, as against
5 cents per pound for lead. It is, therefore, verv
tempting for the unscrtlpulots n?ietal dealer to cut
downl the proportion of titi and increase the quantity
Shortness of tin increases the fusing point of the
mixtu?re, nmaking it necessary to ise excessive heat
in order to produce anything like t sharp, clear face.
This excess of heatt necessitates an increased con-
sinmption of gas, injures the mlatrices, burns up the
metal, and in every way a(dds to ti?e siim total of
Mixtures made from scrap and dross materials,
from the very nature of the ingredients used, cannot
be standard and uniform. Differentt batches tielt at
widely varying degrees of heat, causing hot slugs,
cold faces, sticks ini the mlold, and higgh and low
Another pointt I wish to eil>mphasize in connection
with this subject is the fact that metal is a mechani-
cal as well as a chemical mixtusre. The ingredients
have a different specifie gravity, and in their raw
condition fuse at different heats. When a mnixtulre
of this kind is broughtt to the proper nmolten condi-
tion for casting, say at 515 degrees to 525 d(egrees
Fahr., it is subject to the chemical action of the heat
and also to the laws of gravity. The heaviest in-
gredient-ttie lead--settles to the bottoirn of the pot;
the lighter materials-the tin and antitnony-come
to the surface and are skimmed off as dross,
To overcome this trouble, a suitable metal fur-
nace should be used-one that will hold at least
1,000 pounds. Gather the slugs and trimmings-
submit them to a heat of about 575 degrees Fahr.
and stir thoroughly for about twventy mniutes, so a
to remix and work out the dross and oxide. Wher
the metal has been redluced to its proper consistencu
it wll have a bright silvery appearance on thle sur
face. It shotild then be ladled otut iTto inigots at
rapidly as possible, always dipping fromri the botton
of the pot in order to keep up the circulation.
In the protess of remelting, great care should bl
taken not to allow the i letal to become overheated
Gas s thi best fuel for this purpose, as the heat cai
be more easily regulated.
To sum up: Don't feed into a machine serai
slush, and dross, and expect it to be transformed in
to clean, free-flowing metal that will produce goot
slugs with sharp, clear type faces. Don't buy meta
from a manufacturer who is known to be a user c
scrap materials and who is willing to contract fo
au indefinite time for a price less than the cost of
raw materials. Good netal increases the output of
the machine, gives off less waste ill dross and oxi-
dization, and ill every way miakes an actual saving.
-The Pcrogressive Priter.
Changes in Ontario Appeal Book Rules
New rules with regard to the printing of appeal
books for Ontario courts were formuulated by the
Court of Appeal during D)eeember and on the 23rd.
of the inonth duly passed b the Supreine Court of
Judicature for Ontario.
The rule s a to printirng are as follows:
i. The Book shall re printeIl upon biotl sices of tile paer,
tichatll hre of good iulity, not les o than 0l pounds to tle
2. Tie sheet whelr folded :a trim mel d o all be 11 i nchles
lollg tand 81 inches wide.
3. Tile type in tile exrt shall te itea, but long priner hall
be ased ill priiltiug cfounts. tabular n atter ant notes.
4. Terl nutiber of lies on eael page shall be 47, ils nearly
is iay be, exclusive of atttlies i earh llne to be 5 inthes in
length, exclusive of nlargil;nal notes, andll every tenth line oni each
ipate shtall be numbeeredl in tile mitrghi, and tlre outer margir
still ble oe tand oi e-l tlf iehes wirde.
5. Tile books shall be boanid ill palper, not less than 65
pounrs to tl t ae retat, thre h ltks shtIll t e reinforeed wtith
6. tin ases ill whnicll at apleO lies tt His Maiesty in Couneil,
and in any other cese li w1eich the lOt lrtesso agree ora Judge
upon the rtppieatiott of either lrity so (lirects, iiiarginal notes,
suith as are reuiredt atpi ttn Aplpe to lits Majesty il Couniel,
shall Ie ptrinted.
7. nr oth ter cases tlere i shall te a hetllinle iou each page of
etitnee, girvilg th nte Iof the witniess and stating whether
tlte evidente s rii evie n is e intion-In-thlief, cross-examirination, or
as tlre ease may be, ailt trdllders shall follow thle qullestio
icmmtediately ntid not otnltrleute a separate line.
8. All exhibits Sillill lie grouped. aind be prrintetd il ehrono-
). At thle beginni? g ot ti ltetook therte shall Ite an index
setting out in detatil the e ontelnt oft the lok in four parts, As
ItPart 1. A statement of the ctse ani eaeh pleidilng, order or
other locument iu chroniologieal order with its date.
Part 2. Eael Nvitlness by naue stating whether for plaintiff
r dLefendant, exalminatlonI-ii-cehief or eross-examination, or :is
tit, case imay be.
IPart 8. Eaeh exhibit, wtitb Its desrlpttion (late anti nurnber
ill the order of filing.
iart 4. All Judgmee ts ill ttlt e Courts t elote , wilth the reasous
for jtldgment, aitd tlte nanie of the Judge dellverlng the same,
n-d the rensons for anr agtinst aippeal.
10. The nanne of the Court, Juldge or Official appealed from
b lhll be stated on tll cover an(l title page.
11. Tle book shall contain the dalte of the ftrst p>roceeding
:andl of the delivery of tiie several pleadings, but the style of the
(l' case shall not he repeated.
I It is also provided that there shall not be any tit-
r necessary repetitiotn of headings or documents alnd
-that parts of docurrments that are inot relevant to the
s subject iilatter of the appeal or are erterely forriial
n shlall tnot be prillted at lerigth, but merely referred
e When a book is priinted in forrl suitabtle for tise
1 upon an appeal to Tlis Majesty in Couricil, 50 copies,
t ? anld in all other cases 30 copies, ir sheet form un-
bound, shall be deposited with the Registrar for utse
,, tpon any further appeal, ini addition to eleven
- bound copies for the use of the Court.
d If the above rules are not conformed to in the
1 printi?ng of an appeal hook the court may either dis-
f allow altogether or reduce the allowanee for the cost
Ir of printing
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