PRINTER AND PUBLISHER
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Figure I.-PLANT OF THE BARRIE (ONT.) "SATURDAY MORNING."
(Occupying Main Floor.)
Economy in Mechanical Arrangement
By John Manning
P RINTERS are beginning to realize that time
is money and to endeavor to so arrange their
plants that they will receive the înaximumn re-
sults from tlie minimum expenditure of time as well
as of money.
"Health is wealth." Anything looking to the
betterment of thle conditions under which one's em-
ployees labor is a step in the right direction. We
get a bigger and better day's work from cheerfull,
contented help than was possible under the old time
conditions existing in the average printing office
when any old material a< anan old place seemed
to be good enough for the devotees of the art pre-
servative. Cheerfulnes s is ontagious and when men
and women are given bright and pleasant surround-
ings in whieh to labor, their very work responds to
the improved conditions in increased quantity and
"Art," Elbert Hubbard tells us, "is the expression
of man's joy in his work." What vocation offers
greater opportunity to give everv day expression to
art than does printing?
Let us carry the thought of the reaction of sur-
roundings a step furthier: will not printing of the
better sort, the artistie kind, coimmand, and receive
a larger monetary return than the slip-shol, indif-
ferent, expressionless kind? Beautiful forins and
composition are not made by chance. Employees re-
spond readily to environment. This must of neces-
sity be so.
Let us then study constructively other printers'
ideas in mechanical arrangement. In this initial
article we will consider three widelv separated plants.
TlE BARRIE SATIURDAY MORNING OFFICE.
The arrangeîmîent of thle business and editorial
offices of the Barrie Saturday Morning (Figure 1) is
most convenient, the glass partitions on either side
of the business office allowing an unobstructed view
of the work rooms by the employers. This always
has a good effect on the discipline of the staff.
It is usual to so arrange a manufacturing estab-
lishment (and printers are manufacturers) that
work goes through eaceh step in the processî iii nat-
ural sequence, thus elininiating all uinecessary
labor. We would just reverse the position of the
mnachinery alid materials in thie press and compos-
ing rooms. All work in a printing factory starts off
with the composing roorm, then the pressroom fol-
lowed by the bindery anid the shipping department.
And while Messrs. Walls Bros. may contend that
they do not ship to such an extent as to warrant the
use of the rear of the shop for such purposes we
would point ou t that the composing room which is
visited most often is farthest awav from the business
office, thus neeessitating a great deal of unnecessary
walkiing to and fro. Tie cylinder press and the
folder, ordinarily in use not more than one whole
day each week are close to the offices, adding on thlise
occasions undue noise whicli Irust be 'inconvenient
if not detrimental, to the best work of the employees
of the editorial and business offices. The same ob-
jection, of course, can be taken to the job presses
with the added drawback of almost daily noise.
On the south side the vault could take the place
of the long narrow stock cabinet the latter being
used largelv in a town office hy the pressman who
is generallv also stock cutter, while the vault is most
often visited by memnbers of the office staff.
TIIE YORKTON ENTERPRISE PLANT.
Jiist to emphasize our point we draw attention
to the diagram (Figure 2) of the Yorkton (Sask.)
Enterprise whieh shows the composing room situ-
ated in its logical relation to the business office and
to the subsequent steps in the proeess of manufactur-
ing printing. Figure 3 'shows the press room, bin-
dery, etc. Tt is a half basement with large windows
affording ample light with the advantage of the
solid foundations for inachinery with the conse-
quent decrease of wear and tear and the almost en-
tire elimination of noise. Taken altolether this is
one of the finest weekly newspaper buildings in Can-
ada, an institution of which those connected there-
with may jlistly feel proud.
THE tOME OF PRINTER AND PUBLISHER.
The office of The MacLean Ptblishing Co.,
(Figures 3 and 4) the hob-me of Printer and Publish-
er again emiplhasizes the idea of the economy of time
in the progress of the dav's work. Observe the wide
alleys and the numerous "dead" stones. In a pub-
lishing business of the iiaglgitude of this company
it is preferable to keep standing in plain view an4
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