4, the chicane, the vezation have been such as to caUl for repr-
Again, I put it to the countrj to weigh in the balance the
words of Chief Justice Duval. According to him the ordinance
(in the singular) had gone out of use. Now the words of the
author by whom he affects to be guided, are "l re-enacted by
the ordinances8," in the plural. It seems to me, in despite of
Chief Justice Duval, that the verb to re-enact is not without
signification and there is probably still some difference betweea
the singular and the plural.
Now, for another charge.
By judgment of the Court of Queen's Bench, appeal side,
* French text ofDomat, Livre III., Tit. V., Sect. II., page 271 :-
Parmi toutes les causes dont il peut naitre des dommages et int?r?ts, il y
,en a peu d'aussi fr?quentes que l'injustice de ceux qui, entreprenant on
soutenant des proc?s injustes, causent ? leur parties, et des frais que les
condamnations des d?pens ne reparent presque jamais, et encore d'autre.
dommages dont ces proc?s sont les seules causes; comme de la perte da
temps surtout de ceux qui vivent de leur travail, et plusieurs autres suite?
de l'injustice de la chicane des mauvais plaideurs. Ce qui rend tr?s juste
la condamnation des dommages et int?r?ts, lorsque la vexation est telle
qu'elle y donne lieu. Et quoique cette r?gle ne s'observe que si rarement
qu'il semble qu'elle est abolie; commne elle a pour principe l'?quit?, qu'elle
est du droit naturel, et qu'elle avait ?t? renouvel?e par les ordonnances; il
est de la prudence des juges de la mettre en usage dans les occaslous ok
l'injustice, la chicane, la vexation peuvent le meriter. x.
" Among all the causes in which a condemnation to pay damages may
*" originate, there are but few of such frequent occurrence as the injustice
"of those, who, by undertaking and supporting unjust lawsuits, entail
upon their adversaries not merely an expenditure which a judgment for
costs seldom makes good, but other evils of which such lawsuits are the
sole cause. For example, the loss of time, especially for those whe
' candbt live without labor, and several other results of the injustice and
" of the chicane of evil-disposed litigants. In such cases, when the vexa-
tion is such as to cause damage, it is very just that the wrongdoer should
be condemned to make compensation. And though this rule is so seldom
" enforced that it aeema as if it had been abolished, yet, inamueh a8 it o
"founded in equity a8 it is a principle of natural law, and inasmueh as it ha
t .been re-enacted by the ordinances, it is the duty of the Judges to enforce the
4 rule whenever the ijudtice, the chicane, the teation haw ban _ch at to eaU