The first blast fur e for the manufacture of pig. ironn la Can as erS
in 1737 (one hundred and flfty-six year ago), and was in almost continual opera-
tion until 1883. A grand total of fve (5) furnaces was in blast durl8g 10.
The same year 76.511 tons of iron ore was mined, 18,754 tons of it was portAd
to the United States, 57,804 tons was smelted in Canada, producing 21,772 tons of
pig iron or one ton of iron to two and six tenths tons of .ore. , The grand
total value of the exports of irton and steel and manufactures thereof (inlutiung
scrap iron) for the year ending Jufie 30th, 1892, was $133,724, while the gand
total of imports of iron and steel and manufactures treof was f13 8,498,3. It
will be observed that upon a per capita basis the importn of iron and steel 'into
Canada was equal to an import for the United Staes' of t179,861,98,, wherat e
actual imports of iron and steel and manufactures thereof into te United Staes
for the same fiscal year was only 1,520,6564, and the exports of th same -
In 1891 Canada manufactured one twelve-hnndredth part of t he wo pro-
duction of pig ironl, while the United States produced thirty-three per cent. o?,the
total product. The world production of pig iron inreased- fro.m 14,119,2"6r3tons
in 1878, to 25,124,544 in 89, or seventy-eight per cent. There was oa. ny in-
crae in production in Canada. ; : f
There was more than ten million net tons of-pig iron prodfed in the Uitedn
States in 1892, or about flve hundred times as much as in Can, atoug our
population is only thirteen times greater than.that.of Canada.
The stimulating efect o the blessed esel o fa "' tiff for rvenueonly," upon
the iron, industry of Canada, and the very depressing effect of the nnatitutiott na
American policy of protecto ueupn the iron industy of the nie tates isel<ar
ly anl most emphatically disclosed by these statments al takeanfrom 1ate,Canadui
ofcial reports. In 1890, there was 3,117,661 tons of coal: i n, Canada and
3,299,026 tons imported. 7U2,441 tons mined uponYVancouver*s IsW ndaa ee -
ported to the United States, and 172,684 tons mined on Vaneopuwr in lNova
Seotia was exported. to other countries (hiefly ballast) foir th. ar en
June 30th, 1892. It wuil be obseved tlhat: Canadat consmedl,l$6, ts mpre
of imported coal than she did of coal taken from he own mines4, ?64,00 ons-?
the imported coal came from Wales as balt the bialanoe ofron ,$4Unite,
1,819,222 tons of it was subject to a Canadian; duty of i60 cets per ton. Theire
was mined in the United S in .1890, 1l4,874,729tons of, c?a ud g .t Great
Britain in 1891, 185,479,126 tn- .. s.
In 1889 the United States produnced 106,774 to of copper Caada pr d
2,500 or 2 1-2 per cent. of our production.
The value of gold produced in the Untei Sltates i, 1890 wasl ,,: ti84 ,ln |
Cana $1,496,000. Silver was produced i.the Ual tat he valu of- $70,-
406,000 in Canada $ O00. The~re was tsu o li Canada in 1890, .9,W?21