attempt at capture by coup de main. The Uinited States possess easy
,and rapid communication to the firontier which is only about thirty
nfiles distant from M1ontreal, and a worlk of considrabtle strenogth at
thie head of Lake Champlain affords a convenient base of operations
f(r any attaclking folrce. At Montreal, therefore, a considelrable gar-i
,rison would be collected on the tlireat of hostilities, this force would
wav-Itchthe fi'ontier aind protect fiom partial enterprizes the Beau.
hlarnois canal, w-hilst it would be supported by guinboats on the river,
wlhich woul(l keep open eommniiiiication with Quebec alndl possibly
tecure the Richilieu canal.
Comm-unication by means of thle river being secmii ed, the passes
leading through the White mountains and the forests which border
oni the frontier of the Ncew Eng,land States, would requiire -watching.
Positions would be taken up to cover Richmond junction, and for
the protection of the Grand Tiirunk Railway and the approaches to
Quetec. The fortifications of this city on the right bank of the St.
Lawrence would be completed on the first symptoms of hostilities,
and the place rendered strong enough to stand a siege in the event
of Montreal falling, and the main force of the enemy being
brought agaiinst her.
As long as Quebec should hold out Canada would be unconquered;
duriing the summerishe would receive the supplies which so powerful
an Empire as Great Britain would pour in with no spaling hanlld.
During winter the climate and the hardships coinsequent upoin'it
would in all probability prevent active hostilities f rom being directed
Such sketched very roughly is an outline of the general
principles which appear adapted to tlie defence of the Provinlces of
Onitario antd Quebec, andl it is iiow ploposed to consider wlihat steps
should l)e taken to eclable the Dominion w.'th tas little coriftision as
possible-if unhappily so unfortunate an occurrence should ever arise
-to pass from a state of peace to one of war.
In the first place it must be presumed that a sum of money is
yearly voted for puirposes of defence, i. e., for the maintenance of' a
militia asnd of certain fortifie:l places. The expenditiire of this money
is in the hands of tlie Minister of Militia assisted by the advice of
experienced officers. Ie has to determine, the number of meon who
are to be yearly trained and the amount of efficiency to which they