notably the Intercolonial and Pacific Railways, whlich are certainly Imperial
in their conception, and to which the British Governinent hlas given no'sub-
stantial aid, except on one occasion, viz., whetl it gave it an Imperial
To what does notably refer ? He has been speaking of the expen-
diture of large sums. To what does the second " it " relate ?
The noun to which "it" belongs must be the same as the ante-
cedent of " which; " but "< Railways," qualified by the adjectives Inter-
colonial and Pacific, is the antecedent of " which." Now in no way can
" it " be made plural. The whole sentence shows the slip-shod way
Mr. Bourinot thinks.
A still more amusing sentence is found at the foot of page 9 :-
" Nor must it be forgotten that Canada herself is ?ww a manufactTirinig
country, and her people are buying largely every year, as well as exporting,
fine pianos, carriages, boots and shoes, paper, tweeds, and sugars, besides
other articles manutactured cheaply and well in their own country,"
He states that Canada is a manufacturing country. He points out
that the Canadian people are buying largely, pianos, &c., that they are
also exporting these, besides other articles manufactured cheaply and well
in their own country. Clearly, Mr. Bourinot, if he has not sat at the
leet of Mr. Addison, has sat at the feet of Sarah Gamp. If he meant
that in addition to the articles specified other manufacturing products
are exported, all he had to write was, I" and other articles." As it is, the
tail of the sentence would lead to the inference that the articles speci-
fied are not manufactured in Canada. If that were intended, (this, of
course, is not the case), how ridiculous the commencement of the sen-
tence. But if the commencement of the sentence is to be saved from
ridicule, the tail of it must remain absurd like the tails to the author's
It might be thought impossible to surpass this last flash of genius.
But the sceptic who should cherish such a doubt would do scant justice
to the exhaustless resources of Mr. Bourinot's talents for bad grammar
and slobbering construction.
On page 2I there are two sentences-two !-there are four in
which the reader will revel. They show us Mr. Bourinot in excelsis:-
" Twelve years ago, theatrical performances had to be held in buildings of
a most inferior character-mere wooden " shanties " in some cases-but now
all the cities and large towns possess one or more opera-houses, handsome in
appearance and well adapted iu every way to their object. Another illustra-
tion of the spirit of culture that is abroad in Canada, bitherto considered so
prosaic and utilitarian a country, " so dreadfully new," is the establishment
Qf art schools in the large centres, aud of a Canadian Academy-the result of