system of sovernment, or some insurmountable obstacle arising from soil or
climate, or a comparatively limited sphere of natural resources, to account for
the remarkable preference so systematically sowwn by the .European world for
the Americain States owhen it comes a question of leaving the old home for olne
heyond the sea."
As to the use of " obstacle" here--obstacle to what ? We speak of
a limited sphere of action-but not of natural resources.
Shown is the past participle and Jwhen it comes has certainly noth-
ing to do with the past.
In the second sentence but one from the above, we read:
"Nor would it be difficult now-a-days to find in the utterances of some
English statePmen and writers more encouragement for tle United States, than
for tbe Canadiatn Provinces, ?who, so far certainly, have shown no other aspira-
tion than to work out tlieir inational destiny in the closest possible connection
with the Empire."
The relative must agree with its antecedent in gender: what is the
gender of " Provinces ?"
Two sentences farther on we read:
I< The developnment of the vast-North-West Territory simultaneolsly with
the agrarian difficulties and agricultural distress in Great Britain and Ireland,
have had the very natural effect, &c."
Development is a singular noun, and have is the pluiral form of the
verb. If Mr. Bourinot was ever taught the rule that the verb must agree
with its nominative in number, the lesson evidently never got beyond
the tweed suit in which his youthful limbs were encased.
On page 11, at the close of the paragraph, we read :-
" The specul,tor and man of enterprise learn from them, &c."
Speculator and man of enterprise mean one individual-the idea is
one. Thus again we have a singular noun and a plural verb. If it
should be said that two persons were meant, then we have a clumsy
ellipsis. If two persons were meant, the article "the" should have been
placed before "' man of enterprise."
On page I4 we read:-
"Most sanguine hopes are entertained that the very recent visit of His Ex-
cellency the Governor-General, &c."
Now His Excellency made but one journey to the North-West.
What is meant by " the very recent visit?" The article appeared in
July, I882. His Excellency's visit was made in I88I.
On page I7 we read:
" The large sums that Canada lias been for years, or is now expending,
11ave been directed towards strengthening Imperial iqterests on this continert